Local oedema is prevalent in the initial days following burn injury. It interferes with tissue perfusion and wound healing by increasing the diffusion distance between capillaries and cells.
Do not apply tight circumferential unyielding bandages after burn injury.
Elevation of the affected part of the body in the days following injury limits swelling. Use of slings and pillows to position the limb can assist with reducing oedema.
If injury occurs to the lower limb, patients should elevate the limb at rest.
Oedema hinders joint mobilization and range of motion of the affected area. Functional activity and range of motion exercises can reduce oedema. Elastic compression (eg tubigrip) may also assist in oedema control.